Dr Carmel Kent



Dr Carmel Kent is a Lecturer, maternity covering for the Research Career Development academic lead, at the Institute of Educational Technology, the Open University, UK. Previously, Carmel was the Head of Data Science at EDUCATE Ventures Research and a Senior Research Fellow at UCL. Carmel's research focus is on Artificial Intelligence in Education, Online Learning Communities and Learning Analytics.



Luckin, R; Cukurova, M; Kent, Carmel and du Boulay, B. (). Empowering educators to be AI-ready. Computers & Education.
Kent, Carmel; Akanji, Abayomi; du Boulay, Benedict; Bashir, Ibrahim; Fikes, Thomas G.; Rodríguez De Jesús, Sue A.; Ramirez Hall, Alysha; Alvarado, Paul; Jones, Jennifer E.; Cukurova, Mutlu; Sher, Varshita; Blake, Canan; Fisher, Arthur; Greenwood, Juliet and Luckin, Rosemary (). Mind the Gap: From Typical LMS Traces to Learning to Learn Journeys. In: Trajkovski, Goran; Demeter, Marylee and Hayes, Heather eds. Applying Data Science and Learning Analytics Throughout a Learner’s Lifespan IGI Global, pp. 1-26.
Weiser, O.; Kalman, Y.M.; Kent, Carmel and Ravid, G.. (). 65 Competencies: Which Ones Should Your Data Analytics Experts Have?. Communications of the ACM, 65 (3) pp. 58-66.
Kent, Carmel and du Boulay, B. (). AI for Learning. CRC Press, Routledge.
Kent, Carmel; du Boulay, Benedict and Cukurova, Mutlu. (). Keeping the Parents outside the School Gate—A Critical Review. Education Sciences.


Kent, Carmel; Chaudhry, Muhammad Ali; Cukurova, Mutlu; Bashir, Ibrahim; Pickard, Hannah; Jenkins, Chris; du Boulay, Benedict; Moeini, Anissa and Luckin, Rosemary. (). Machine learning models and their development process as learning affordances for humans. In: Artificial Intelligence in Education. AIED 2021., Springer.
Kent, Carmel; Chaudhry, M. A.; Cukurova, M.; Bashir, I.; Pickard, H.; Jenkins, C.; Du Boulay, B. and Luckin, R.. (). On how Unsupervised Machine Learning Can Shape Minds: a Brief Overview. A poster.. In: International Learning Analytics and Knowledge Conference (LAK 2021), Apr 2021, Online.


Kent, Carmel and Rechavi, Amit. (). Content-Structure Proxies for Remote Interactive Learning. In: Content Meets Structure - Integrating Different Perspectives on Social Networks (CoMeS), 28-30 Sep 2020, Heidelberg, Germany.
Cukurova, Mutlu; Luckin, Rosemary and Kent, Carmel. (). Impact of an Artificial Intelligence Research Frame on the Perceived Credibility of Educational Research Evidence. International Journal of Artificial Intelligence in Education, 30 (2) pp. 205-235.
Sher, Noa; Kent, Carmel and Rafaeli, Sheizf. (). Creativity is Connecting Things: The Role of Network Topology in Fostering Collective Creativity in Multi-Participant Asynchronous Online Discussions.. In: Proceedings of the 53rd Annual Hawaii International Conference on System Sciences, HICSS Conference Office, University of Hawaii at Manoa, Honolulu, Hawaii.
Kent, Carmel and Cukurova, Mutlu. (). Investigating Collaboration as a Process with Theory-driven Learning Analytics. Journal of Learning Analytics, 7 (1) pp. 59-71.
Kent, Carmel and Rechavi, Amit. (). Deconstructing Online Social Learning: Network Analysis of the Creation, Consumption and Organization Types of Interaction. International Journal of Research & Method in Education, 43 (1) pp. 16-37.


Cukurova, Mutlu; Kent, Carmel and Luckin, Rosemary. (). Artificial intelligence and multimodal data in the service of human decision-making: A case study in debate tutoring. British Journal of Educational Technology, 50 (6) pp. 3032-3046.
Sher, N.; Rafaeli, S. and Kent, Carmel. (). Linking as collective thinking? Participant content linking as a means of organizing knowledge meaningfully in online discussions. In: TMS 2019 - Technology, Mind and Society, 3-5 Oct 2019, Washington, DC.
Weiser, Orli; Kalman, Yoram M.; Kent, Carmel and Ravid, Gilad. (). Who is a data analyst? academia vs. industry. In: ILAIS 2019 SCE - 13th annual Israel Association for Information Systems conference, 24 Jun 2019, Tel Aviv University, Coller School of Management.
Kali, Yael; Tabak, Iris; Ben-Zvi, Dani; Hoadley, Christopher; Abramsky, Hava; Angel, Dror; Aridor, Keren; Atias, Osnat; Baram-Tsabari, Ayelet; Benichou, Maya; Golan, Oren; Golumbic, Yaela N.; Hod, Yotam; Kent, Carmel; Kidron, Adi; Manor, Hana; Mishol-Shauli, Nakhi; Pion, Carmit; Rafaeli, Sheizaf; Rechavi, Amit; Shacham, Maika; Schejter, Amit; Tirosh, Noam; Weiss, Patrice L. and Zuckerman, Oren. (). A wide lens on learning in a networked society: What can we learn by synthesizing multiple research perspectives?. In: Computer-Supported Collaborative Learning Conference, CSCL 2019, 17-21 Jun 2019, Lyon, France.
Boulton, Chris A.; Hughes, Emily; Kent, Carmel; Smith, Joanne R. and Williams, Hywel T. P.. (). Student engagement and wellbeing over time at a higher education institution. PLoS ONE.
Kent, Carmel; Rechavi, Amit and Rafaeli, Sheizaf. (). The Relationship Between Offline Social Capital and Online Learning Interactions. International Journal of Communication, 13 pp. 1186-1211.
Cukurova, Mutlu; Kent, Carmel and Luckin, Rosemary. (). The value of multimodal data in classification of social and emotional aspects of tutoring. In: International Conference on Artificial Intelligence in Education -- AIED 2019: Artificial Intelligence in Education, 25-29 Jun 2019, Chicago, IL.
Kent, Carmel; Rechavi, A. and Rafaeli, S. (). Networked Learning Analytics: A Theoretically Informed Methodology for Analytics of Collaborative Learning. In: Kali, Y.; Baram-Tsabary, A. and Schejter, A. eds. Learning In a Networked Society Cham: Springer, pp. 145-175.
Kent, Carmel; Rechavi, Amit and Rafaeli, Sheizaf. (). A theoretically informed methodology for analytics of collaborative learning - A poster. In: CSCL 2019, 17-21 Jun 2019, Lyon, France.


Boulton, Chris A.; Kent, Carmel and Williams, Hywel T. P.. (). Virtual learning environment engagement and learning outcomes at a 'bricks-and-mortar' university. Computers & Education, 126 pp. 129-142.
Weiser, Orli; Kalman, Yoram M.; Kent, Carmel and Ravid, Gilad. (). What Competencies are Needed for Data Analytics? - A Delphi Study. In: Proceedings of the 12th Israel Association for Information Systems (ILAIS) Conference June 18, 2018.
Weiser, Orli; Kalman, Yoram; Kent, Carmel and Ravid, Gilad. (). A Delphi Study of Competencies and Skills for Data Analytics (WIP). In: ISECON 2018 - Information Systems Education Conference, 5-7 Apr 2018, San Antonio, Texas.


Kent, C.; Boulton, C.A. and Williams, H.. (). Towards measurement of the relationship between student engagement and learning outcomes at a bricks-and-mortar university. In: 2017 International Conference on Learning Analytics & Knowledge, International Workshop on Learning Analytics Across Spaces Workshop, 2017.
Goldfrad, K.; Laslo, E. and Kent, Carmel. (). The Role of Content Relations in Foreign Language Interactive Learning. In: 15th Annual MEITAL National Conference, 26 Jun 2017, Haifa.


Kent, Carmel. (). Poster: How can Interactivity and Learning go hand in hand? Should online learning be social?. In: Connected Life Conference, 20-21 Jun 2016, Oxford Internet Institute, University of Oxford.
Kent, Carmel; Laslo, Esther and Rafaeli, Sheizaf. (). Interactivity in online discussions and learning outcomes. Computers & Education, 97 pp. 116-128.
Kent, Carmel and Rafaeli, Sheizaf. (). How interactive is a semantic network ? Concept maps and discourse in knowledge communities. In: 49th Hawaii International Conference on System Sciences (HICSS), 5-8 Jan 2016, Koloa, HI, USA.
Kent, Carmel; Rechavi, Amit and Rafaeli, Sheizaf. (). Topological Parameters of Networked Learning. In: 2016 Internet, Politics, and Policy Conference, 2016, Oxford Internet Institute, UK..


Rafaeli, S. and Kent, C.. (). Network-structured discussions for collaborative concept mapping and peer learning. IBM Journal of Research and Development.



Kent, Carmel; Lewenstein, M. and Sheinwald, D.. (). On demand string sorting over unbounded alphabets. Theoretical Computer Science, 426-427 pp. 66-74.
Slonim, N.; Carmeli, B.; Goldsteen, A.; Keller, O.; Kent, C. and Rinott, R.. (). Knowledge-analytics synergy in clinical decision support. In: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics, 2012.
Rinott, R.; Carmeli, B.; Kent, C.; Maman, Y.; Rubin, Y. and Slonim, N.. (). Utilizing assigned treatments as labels for supervised Machine Learning in Clinical Decision Support. In: IHI'12 - Proceedings of the 2nd ACM SIGHIT International Health Informatics Symposium, 28-30 Jan 2012, Miami, USA.


Rinott, Ruty; Carmeli, Boaz; Kent, Carmel; Landau, Daphna; Maman, Yonatan; Rubin, Yoav and Slonim, Noam (). Prognostic data-driven clinical decision support-Formulation and implications. In: Moen, Anne; Andersen, Stig Kjær; Aarts, Jos and Hurlen, Petter eds. User Centred Networked Health Care IOS Press, pp. 140-144.


Adadi, Roi; Burla, Anna; Farkash, Ariel; Kent, Carmel; Maman, Yonatan and Shabo, Amnon. (). Poster: Deriving User Semantics from XML-Based Biomedical Warehouse. In: MEDINFO 2010: Proceedings of the 13th World Congress on Medical Informatics, IOS Press.


Bianchi, Stefano; Burla, Anna; Conti, Constanza; Farkash, Ariel; Kent, Carmel; Maman, Yonatan and Shabo, Amnon. (). Biomedical data integration - capturing similarities while preserving disparities. In: 2009 Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society, IEEE, 4654-4657.
Bianchi, Stefano; Burla, Anna; Conti, Costanza; Farkash, Ariel; Kent, Carmel; Maman, Yonatan and Shabo, Amnon. (). Semantic warehousing of diverse biomedical information. In: Next Generation Information Technologies and Systems: 7th International Conference, NGITS 2009 Haifa, Israel, June 16-18, 2009 Revised Selected Papers, Springer Berlin Heidelberg.


Aharoni, E.; Altmann, A.; Borgulya, G.; D'Autilia, R.; Incardona, F.; Kaiser, R. and Kent, Carmel. (). Integration of viral genomics with clinical data to predict response to anti-HIV treatment.. In: 1st Africa Conference, 2007.


Kent, Carmel; Landau, Gad M. and Ziv-Ukelson, Michal. (). On the complexity of sparse exon assembly. Journal of Computational Biology.


Kent, Carmel; Landau, Gad .M. and Ziv-Ukelson, Michal. (). On the complexity of sparse exon assembly. In: CPM 2005: Combinatorial Pattern Matching, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 201-218.

Carmeli, Boaz; Casali, Paolo; Goldbraich, Anna; Goldsteen, Abigail; Kent, Carmel; Licitra, Lisa; Locatelli, Paolo; Restifo, Nicola; Rinott, Ruty; Sini, Elena; Torresani, Michele and Waks, Zeev Evicase: An evidence-based case structuring approach for personalized healthcare. In: Mantas, John; Andersen, Stig Kjær; Mazzoleni, Maria Christina; Blobel, Bernd; Quaglini, Silvana and Moen, Anne eds. Quality of Life through Quality of Information IOS Press, pp. 604-608.